The Trail provides an introduction to the heritage of both Town & Parish, along with the surrounding countryside. Parishes were generally established as units of church organisation in the reign of David 1 (1124-53) but usually based on existing secular territories going back to first millennium AD. After the Reformation in Scotland in the summer of 1560, the parishes developed with legal status, into units of civil government as well as ecclesiastical organisation. Various references around that time refer to South Ferrietoun as part of the Lordship and Barony of Scotscraig & Regality of St. Andrews. A charter contained in the Register of the Great Seal shows that James VI erected the “South Ferry of Portincraig” into a Burgh of Barony in 1598 to Robert Durie of Scotscraig, including the six acres of Gibbsland with the castle tower thereupon. The area remained a part of the Parish of Leuchars until disjoined in 1602, whereby it was created as a separate Parish called Ferry-Port-On-Craig erected by Parliament in 1606.